Learning More About The Forms Of ADHD

There are two basic forms of ADHD, and a third that combines characteristics of the first two:


Young people with the inattentive form of ADHD (also known as ADD) are often perceived, especially in school settings, to be lazy or uninterested in learning. They may have a tendency to daydream and demonstrate difficulty with details, failing to complete tasks that do not interest them. Unfortunately, teachers, employers, friends, and families too often make assumptions about people with inattentive ADHD, because these negative perceptions are typically absorbed by the emerging adult, leading to lower self-esteem, anxiety, and other problems.


The hyperactive/impulsive form of ADHD appears to be the polar opposite of the inattentive form. A young person who talks continuously and interrupts others inappropriately may be dealing with hyperactive/impulsive ADHD. He or she will be restless, jumping from one task to another, and making decisions without thinking through the consequences. While the behavior of this person may be quite different from that of someone affected by inattention, the results can be the same: misinterpretation of the reasons for the behavior and negative perceptions that become part of the person’s self-image.


The combination version of ADHD exhibits elements of both other types and can be the most difficult form to manage. A person with this version of the illness may be both dreamy and hyperactive, find it difficult to concentrate and then become restless and jumpy. These shifts in mood and action can be overwhelming to the young person and his or her family members.